FINalternatives Survey: High-Frequency Trading Has a Bright Future

Jul 22 2009 | 9:04am ET

By Irene Aldridge -- High-frequency trading has grown exponentially in the past several years, and, according to the FINalternatives 2009 Technology and High-Frequency Trading Survey, that growth is here to stay.

A whopping 90% of respondents think that HFT has a bright future. In comparison, only half believe that the investment management industry has favorable prospects, and only 42% have a positive outlook when it comes to the U.S. economy. Given that dose of pessimism, it should be noted that HFT tends to work particularly well in volatile range-bound markets like the current economic environment.

Hedge Fund Technology & TradingHedge Fund Technology & TradingThe optimism for HFT—which research firm Tabb Group estimates accounts for 73% of equities trading volume on U.S. exchanges—is bound to bring additional skill and capital to the high-frequency arena. At present, many financial industry participants understand the business of HFT, yet few understand the details and implementation involved. Some 39% of hedge fund managers, investment advisers, executing brokers and proprietary traders have just “a little” understanding of the high-frequency business, according to the FINalternatives survey, with 52% reporting a solid understanding. By contrast, only 40% of the respondents report that they had a solid grip on the implementation of HFT, with 19% reporting no understanding of implementation tactics whatsoever. 

The outlook for HFT is largely driven by the high profitability potential of well implemented HFT systems. While traditional buy-side trading strategies hold positions for weeks or even months, HFT is characterized by fast turnover of capital. Instead of capturing large price changes over extended periods of time, HFT aims to book multiple small gains over short periods of time. An overwhelming 86% believe that the term “high-frequency trading” referred strictly to holding periods of only one day or less.

Intra-day position management is important for two reasons: savings from the overnight position carry costs and elimination of the overnight risk. The carry is the cost of holding a margined position through the night; it is usually computed on the margin portion of account holdings after the close of the North American trading sessions. Overnight carry charges can substantially cut into the trading bottom line in periods of tight lending or high interest rates. 

Second, closing down positions at the end of each trading day also reduces the risk exposure from the passive overnight positions. Smaller risk exposure again results in considerable risk-adjusted savings. 

In addition to high capital turnover and intraday entry and exit of positions, the FINalternatives survey respondents further identified the following key distinctions of HFT:

  • Trading decisions made upon tick-by-tick data analyses; and
  • Algorithmic trading.

Tick-by-tick data processing and high capital turnover do indeed define much of HFT. Identifying small changes in the quote stream sends rapid fire signals to open and close positions. The term “high-frequency” itself refers to fast entry and exit of trading positions, the process best executed by algorithms and dedicated computer programs employing artificial intelligence.   

Only 51% of the respondents report using HFT at present, but 60% of the respondents indicate that they intend to use HFT in the future.

The FINalternatives survey garnered 202 responses, of which half worked for a hedge fund, 26% for an investment advisory or consulting firm, 12% for a fund of hedge funds, and smaller numbers for executing brokers, proprietary traders, mutual funds, research providers, technology firms and family offices. Some 59% said that portfolio management is their primary responsibility.

Irene Aldridge is an expert in algorithmic and high-frequency trading. Her new book High-Frequency Trading: A Practical Guide to Algorithmic Strategies and Trading Systems (Wiley Trading, ISBN: 978-0470563762) is available for pre-order on Amazon.com.  She can be reached at ialdridge@ablealpha.com. 


In Depth

Q&A: Brevan Howard’s Charlotte Valeur Talks Strategy

Sep 18 2014 | 11:18am ET

Charlotte Valeur chairs the board of Brevan Howard Credit Catalysts, an LSE listed...

Lifestyle

Hedgies Rock Out For Children's Charity

Sep 15 2014 | 8:40am ET

It's that time of year again—when hedgies trade in their spreadsheets for guitars...

Guest Contributor

Volkered: How Financial Sector Reforms are Creating Opportunities for Hedge Funds

Sep 16 2014 | 11:28am ET

New regulations have dramatically curtailed proprietary trading activity in investment...

 

Editor's Note

    Get A Sneak Peak Of The Alpha Pages

    Aug 25 2014 | 11:21am ET

    As many of you know, FINalternatives was recently acquired by the owners of Futures magazine, a firm called The Alpha Pages LLC. Today marks the soft-launch of a new sister site for both publications. As its name suggests, The Alpha Pages will cover all types of alternative investments, going far beyond the more well-known ones such as hedge funds and private equity. Read more…

 

Futures Magazine

September 2014 Cover

The London Whale: Rogue risk management

Credit default swaps brought down the London Whale and cost JPMorgan $6.2 billion. Here is how it happened.

The Alpha Pages

TAP July/August 2014 Cover

The Alpha Pages Interview: Senator Rand Paul

Senator Paul sat down in the debut series of the Alpha Pages Interview to discuss the broken tax code, regulation surrounding Bitcoin, and his plans for the 2016 Presidential election.